Forms of Communication
- "In all beautiful art the essential thing is the form", Kant,
Critique of Judgement.
- "The further in anything, as a work of art, the
organisation is carried out, the deeper the form penetrates...the more capacity for
receiving that synthesis of ...impressions which gives us the unity with the
prepossession conveyed by it", G.M. Hopkins, Notebooks.
Forms and representations are considered by discourse theory to be
powerful in their own right
(rather than merely the reflection of power-relations that exist elsewhere).
- Some forms (Imagism?) emphasise static features, others
or dynamic features.
- Symbols lets us communicate our internal world to others.
New means of communications that don't use new symbolism shape
variants of existing art forms.
novels, discussion produced
- "To deal with [importing disparate foreign elements into Europe], a new encyclopaedic form became necessary,
one that had three distinctive features. First was a circularity of structure, inclusive and open at the same time ...Second was a novelty
based almost entirely on the reformation of old, even outdated
fragments ... Third is the irony of a form that draws attention to itself
at substituting art and its creations for the once-possible synthesis of
the world empires... Spatiality
becomes, ironically, the characteristic
of an asthetic rather than of political domination",
(Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism, p.229).
- A literary work is the setting for
communication between writer and reader where the absent writer anticipates
(perhaps seeks to control) the readers' responses.
- "The adoption and popularisation 'overnight' of globally-linked pages
and fragments can be seen as evidence of the predisposition of text to
what the hypertext community calls 'advanced' or 'late' literacy; not,
that is, a function of hypertextual advance" - of Programmatology (John Cayley)
poetry is yet to catch on because HTML is too restrictive to engender new
forms directly (though it encourages the use of
Spatial Form), and
other techniques are currently too difficult to use. Future hypermedia developments look more
- However, hypertext does offer readers
new possibilities for evasion - they can click when they are bored. Web writers
can anticipate this,
offering explicit escape routes (intertextuality is no longer virtual) which
can deviously lead back into the work. As Michael Joyce
remarked at the 1996 ACM Conference on Hypertext, maybe it's
"the pure boundedness of its linked
space that will distinguish hyperfiction in the age of the web."